||Causes single and double strand DNA breaks with yields of 2.4 × 10-10 and 2.6 × 10-11 events/gy/DA [PUB_0485]. Proton radiation flux calculated from:
- Total radiation at Clarkdale, AZ: 10-20 μrad/hr [PUB_0495]
- Composition of radiation at Albuquerque, NM: mesons (63%), neutrons (21%), electrons (15%), protons (0%), alpha particles (0%) [PUB_0567]
- Simplification that all proton radiation has energy 1 MeV. Kaye and Laby measured the energy distribution of protons at the earth's surface [PUB_0490].
Brookins DG. Background radiation in the Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.A., area. Environmental Geology 19, 11-15 (1992). WholeCell: PUB_0567, URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/u61n788563563p31/
K7BUC. Background Radiation. (2010). WholeCell: PUB_0495, URL: http://www.k7buc.org/wxdisp/radiation.html
Kaye GWC, Laby TH. Tables of physical and chemical constants. Longman Sc & Tech 2.7.7 (1995). WholeCell: PUB_0490, ISBN: 9780582226296, URL: http://www.kayelaby.npl.co.uk/
Nikjoo H, O'Neill P, Wilson WE, Goodhead DT. Computational approach for determining the spectrum of DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation. Radiat Res 156, 577-83 (2001). WholeCell: PUB_0485, PubMed: 11604075